Sofoklis Goulas

Economist

Sofoklis Goulas

Economist

MEDIA

“Columbus public school enrollment on the decline” 

Axios

June 24, 2024

A Brookings Institution analysis released last month found parents have been turned off from traditional public schooling since COVID and are seeking more flexible options, including home schooling and private and charter schools.” 

“School districts face financial reckoning amid budget shortfalls and declining enrollment”

WCVB-TV

June 20, 2024

“‘Traditional public schools have lost a lot of students after the COVID-19 pandemic,’ said Sofoklis Goulas, with Brookings Institution.”

 

 

“Thousands of San Diego students left local public schools”

Axios

June 14, 2024

“A Brookings analysis released last month found parents have been turned off from traditional public schooling since COVID for reasons including a desire for more learning flexibility.” 

 

“The number of births continues to fall, despite abortion bans”

The Daily Montanan

June 10, 2024

“The decline we see in enrollment since COVID-19 is a bigger problem than just the decline in birth rates,” said Sofoklis Goulas, an economic studies fellow at the Brookings Institution. Rural schools and urban high schools have been particularly hard hit, according to a Brookings report Goulas authored this year.

“D65 enrollment drop outpaces nation”

Evanston Now

May 21, 2024

“A new Brookings Institution report on federal school enrollment data shows urban and suburban school districts across the country are faced with declining enrollments… Brookings research suggests that the decline in public school enrollment is ‘not fully explained’ by changes in population, and charter or private school enrollment, suggesting ‘many families have chosen to homeschool after the pandemic.’ It also suggests, based on research in New York City, that parents are less satisfied with their local public schools now than they were before the pandemic.” 

“Why did enrollment plummet after COVID-19? Here are some answers”

District Administration

May 21, 2024

“The pandemic was the turning point for many parents, a new analysis from the economic policy initiative The Hamilton Project suggests. Many parents didn’t like what they saw and felt that their schools couldn’t deliver a sufficient pace of learning for their children, so they sought alternatives, the report contends.”

“Do alternatives to public school have to be political?”

EdSurge

May 20, 2024

“Many parents are clearly feeling a need for smaller, more personalized and more flexible schools […]”

 

“America’s school surplus is hurting some students”

Axios

May 19, 2024

“We are seeing some weakening of the handshake between families and schools, which is so important for student success,” said Sofoklis Goulas, a researcher at Brookings.

“The number of births continues to fall, despite abortion bans”

Yahoo!News

May 14, 2024

“[…] a bigger problem than just the decline in birth rates,” said Sofoklis Goulas, an economic studies fellow at the Brookings Institution.

“America Has Too Many Schools”

Wall Street Journal

May 9, 2024

Between the 2019-20 and 2022-23 school year, urban schools lost nearly 850,000 students, or 5.5% of enrollment, according to an analysis of the most recent federal data by the Brookings Institution, done at The Wall Street Journal’s request.

“Biden administration continues to make progress on student loan forgiveness promise”

PolitiFact

April 30, 2024

Sofoklis Goulas, a senior research fellow at the Brookings Institution, a Washington, D.C., think tank, said although he “appreciates the Biden administration’s actions,” he believes these changes don’t address the problem’s root cause.

“Those plans to alleviate student debt are late fixes to an earlier problem,” Goulas said. “So, for me, it would make a lot more sense to find ways to reduce the cost of education on a person-to-person basis and, secondarily, fix the student debt issues.”

“Why school absences have ‘exploded’ almost everywhere”

The New York Times

March 29, 2024

In the four years since the pandemic closed schools, U.S. education has struggled to recover on a number of fronts, from learning loss, to enrollment, to student behavior.

“Kingsford Heights residents rally against closure of school”

The Times of Northern Indiana

March 14, 2024

In an October paper, Brookings researchers found that over a four-year period that includes the pandemic, about 12% of elementary schools and 9% of middle schools lost at least one-fifth of their enrollment. At The 74’s request, they expanded that data to include all 4,428 schools in the country that reached or exceeded a 20% decline.

The results were sobering: “Enrollment declines are everywhere,” said Sofoklis Goulas, a fellow at Brookings.

“Lake Central schools preview future redistricting”

The Times of Northwest Indiana

March 5, 2024

“In an October paper, Brookings researchers found that over a four-year period that includes the pandemic, about 12% of elementary schools and 9% of middle schools lost at least one-fifth of their enrollment. At The 74’s request, they expanded that data to include all 4,428 schools in the country that reached or exceeded a 20% decline. The results were sobering: ‘Enrollment declines are everywhere,’ said Sofoklis Goulas, a fellow at Brookings.”

“Get ready for ‘the bloodletting.’ School districts are in for a rocky budget season”

Fort Worth Star Telegram and Yahoo! News, by Silas Allen

March 4, 2024

“In a paper published last October, researchers at the Brookings Institution noted a sharp uptick in the number of students who have left traditional school districts for private schools, homeschooling or some other non-public option since 2019.”

“Facing a $42 million budget gap, Wichita will close some schools at the end of this school year”

KMUW, by Suzanne Perez

January 23, 2024

“Data prepared by researchers at the Brookings Institution shows that over a four-year period that includes the pandemic, about 12% of the nation’s public elementary schools and 9% of middle schools lost at least one-fifth of their enrollment.”

“Thousands of schools risk closure due to ‘massive’ enrollment loss: new report”

Fox News, by Joshua Nelson

January 18, 2024

“A new report shows that thousands of school districts risk closure due to ‘massive’ enrollment loss. The warning stems from an analysis of national enrollment data by the Brookings Institution and some reporting from The 74. Their analysis came after Brookings researchers found a decline in elementary and middle school enrollment, a one-fifth loss of their enrollment. ‘Enrollment declines are everywhere,’ Brookings Institution fellow Sofoklis Goulas said.

“Charter schools continue to grow across the Tampa Bay area”

WUSF, by Nancy Guan

January 17, 2024

Sofoklis Goulas, an economics and education researcher with the Brookings Institution, said the COVID-19 pandemic impacted where families choose to send their kids to school now. Goulas said we need better data about where students are going to school. He added that even with reports from public schools, private schools and available home schooling data, there are children not accounted for. ‘We need to monitor student flows between different types of schools. This is very important so we can understand what families want,’ said Goulas.”

“Exclusive Data: Thousands of schools at risk of closing due to enrollment loss”

The 74 Million, by Linda Jacobson

January 9, 2024

Sofoklis Goulas, an economics and education researcher with the Brookings Institution, said the COVID-19 pandemic impacted where families choose to send their kids to school now. Goulas said we need better data about where students are going to school. He added that even with reports from public schools, private schools and available home schooling data, there are children not accounted for. ‘We need to monitor student flows between different types of schools. This is very important so we can understand what families want,’ said Goulas.”

“Exclusive Data: Thousands of schools at risk of closing due to enrollment loss”

The 74 Million, by Linda Jacobson

January 9, 2024

“In an October paper, Brookings researchers found that over a four-year period that includes the pandemic, about 12% of elementary schools and 9% of middle schools lost at least one-fifth of their enrollment. At The 74’s request, they expanded that data to include all 4,428 schools in the country that reached or exceeded a 20% decline. The results were sobering: ‘Enrollment declines are everywhere,’ said Sofoklis Goulas, a fellow at Brookings.”

“Chandler Unified losing more students than it expected”

12News, by Kevin Reagan and Colleen Sikora

January 9, 2024

“Researchers like Dr. Sofoklis Goulas of the Brookings Institution’s Hamilton Project said that enrollment declines on a national level go far beyond than just lower birth rates. ‘We see that the share of gains in public schools has declined from 84.2% in 2015-16, to 78.8% in 2021-22,’ Goulas said. ‘So we have an increase in the share of kids who are either in private schools or in common education or in other school arrangements.’”

“Report details severity of declining enrollment since before pandemic”

EdSource, by Karen D’Souza

January 10, 2024

“In an October report, Brookings researchers found that over four years including the pandemic, about 12% of elementary schools and 9% of middle schools lost at least one-fifth of their enrollment.  ‘Enrollment declines are everywhere,’ said Sofoklis Goulas, a fellow at Brookings, as The 74 reported.”

“Student learning took a hit during the pandemic and the career mobility implications are enormous”

Working Nation, by Laura Aka

December 21, 2023

“There are likely numerous reasons for the drops in scores, according to Sofoklis Goulas, Ph.D., fellow with Brookings. ‘It is most likely a composite effect. We can suspect that it is related to distancing from traditional instructional approaches because school systems knew how to educate students in the classroom and, all of a sudden, they had to change that approach and find a new way to deliver instruction. And this disruption might have negatively impacted some students.’”

“How the child care cliff could yank back the labor market” 

POLITICO Morning Money, by Eleanor Mueller and Sam Sutton 

August 21, 2023 

“The savings American consumers accumulated during the pandemic have started to dwindle. And as households grow more reliant on regular paychecks to support spending, consumers are at a crossroads ‘as they consider how to alter their spending and whether to go deeper into debt,’ Wendy Edelberg and Sofoklis Goulas of the Brookings Institution’s Hamilton Project told Bloomberg’s Rich Miller.” 

“US consumers near day of reckoning as pandemic cash stash shrinks” 

Bloomberg, by Rich Miller 

August 19, 2023 

“So far at least, such signs of distress are not cause for alarm, according to Edelberg and Goulas of Brookings. But if financially strapped households rack up more debt, that would be more of a concern, they said in a report this month. ‘We are a bit worried about households if they continue spending as much as they are right now relative to their income,’ Goulas said in an interview. ‘But with the economy doing well overall in terms of job growth, it’s unclear whether we will see a recession.’” 

“What no landing looks like to a Treasury bond investor” 

Bloomberg, Edward Harrison 

August 8, 2023 

“Quote of the week: ‘If households were to sustain their current spending trends and increasingly finance spending with borrowing, financial health could deteriorate in a worrying way’ — Wendy Edelberg and Sofoklis Goulas, Hamilton Project” 

“Americans spending set to slow as income dips below 2019 trend” 

Bloomberg, by Alexandre Tanzi and Michael Sasso  

August 2, 2023 

“Real income growth has slowed to levels below the pre-pandemic trend, according to the report published Tuesday by Wendy Edelberg, director of the Hamilton Project, and Sofoklis Goulas, a fellow at the Brookings-led think tank.” 

The Terrible Truth: Current Solutions to COVID Learning Loss Are Doomed to Fail”, The74 Million, April 2023


Student autonomy and academic performance”, VoxEU, August 2021

Being able to skip classes improves some students’ performance. Others struggle with more autonomy”, The Conversation, August 2021

Charters are among Idaho’s highest — and lowest — performing schools”, Devin Dodkin, Idaho Ed News, August 2021

Resetting work and learning after COVID-19”, Ed NC, May 2021

Learning Loss Is Just Educational Halitosis”, Peter Greene, Forbes, March 2021

The Long-Term Economic Costs of Lost Schooling”, Jon Hilsenrath, The Wall Street Journal, February 2021

Learning loss in California: New analysis digs into how students — particularly English learners — are falling behind during the pandemic”, LA School Report, February 2021

Vaccine reward – a potential way out of the pandemic”, DerStandard, January 2021

Students face learning loss as coronavirus disrupts school year”, CBS News, December 2020

School Attendance During a Pandemic”, VoxEU, August 2020

Students in Washington’s charter schools and public schools learn at similar rates, Stanford report finds”, The Seattle Times, August 2020

Sex, Drugs and Economics: More on comparative advantage and the gender gap in STEM”, Professor Michael Cameron’s Blog, June 2020

Girls score the same in math and science as boys, but higher in arts – this may be why they are less likely to pick STEM careers”, The Conversation, June 2020

The effects of exam scheduling on academic performance”, VoxEU, January 2020

Statehouse roundup, 1.31.19: Study illustrates highs and lows in charter performance”, Kevin Richert, Idaho Ed News, January 2019

Promising’ learning results for state charter schools, study shows, but Tacoma lagging”, Allison Needles, Tacoma News Tribune, January 2019

Ed Reformers Rejoice: New CREDO Report Shows Student Progress in New Orleans Has Continued”, Emily Langhorne, Forbes, May 2019

Gender peer effects and performance in STEM”, ESOS.gr (in Greek), May 2019

Albert Camus, the Plague, and the Crisis in Greece (in Greek)”, LiFO (in Greek), September 2015

Job prospects drive college major preferences amidst Crisis”, Kathimerini Daily Newspaper (in Greek), August 2015

The crisis changed (students’) preferences” , Ethnos Daily Newspaper  (in Greek), August 2015

How young Greeks changed their degree choices as the economy crashed”, The Conversation, August 2015

Financial Crisis and Study Choice (in Greek)”, Capital.gr (in Greek), August 2015