Sofoklis Goulas

Economist

Sofoklis Goulas

Economist

Blog Post

The Impact of COVID-19 on Plastic Surgery Residents Across the World: A Country-, Region-, and Income-level Analysis

The Impact of COVID-19 on Plastic Surgery Residents Across the World: A Country-, Region-, and Income-level Analysis

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has upended graduate medical education globally. We investigate the COVID-19 impact on learning inputs and expected learning outputs of plastic surgery residents across the world.
Methods: We administered an online survey capturing training inputs before and during the pandemic and retrieved residents’ expected learning outputs compared with residents who completed their training before COVID. The questionnaire reached residents across the world through the mobilization of national and international societies of plastic surgeons.
Results: The analysis included 412 plastic surgery residents from 47 countries. The results revealed a 44% decline (ranging from -79% to 10% across countries) and an 18% decline (ranging from -76% to across 151% countries) in surgeries and seminars, respectively, per week. Moreover, 74% (ranging from 0% to 100% across countries) and 43% (ranging from 0% to 100% across countries) of residents expected a negative COVID-19 impact on their surgical skill and scientific knowledge, respectively. We find strong correlations only between corresponding input and output: surgeries scrubbed in with surgical skill (ρ = −0.511 with p < 0.001) and seminars attended with scientific knowledge (ρ = −0.274 with p = 0.006).
Conclusions: Our ranking of countries based on their COVID-19 impacts provides benchmarks for national strategies of learning recovery. Remedial measures that target surgical skill may be more needed than those targeting scientific knowledge. Our finding of limited substitutability of inputs in training suggests that it may be challenging to make up for lost operating room time with more seminars. Our results support the need for flexible training models and competency-based advancement.


Co Authors : Georgios Karamitros, Maria Wiedner, Vakis Kontoes
Outlet : Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, IF: 2.709
Award : Best Paper Award, International Association for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Annual Meeting 2023
Link : https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00266-023-03389-w